Rabbit polyclonal antibodyPooled Serum
- Affinity Purified from Pooled Serum
- WB 1:1000
- Rabbit Polyclonal
- Molecular Reference:
- ~53 kDa
- Cite This Antibody:
- PhosphoSolutions Cat# p1705-449, RRID:AB_2492235
The antigen is a phosphopeptide corresponding to amino acid residues surrounding the phospho-Thr449 of Arabidopsis S6K1.
The antibody is prepared from pooled rabbit serum by affinity purification via sequential chromatography on phospho- and dephospho-peptide affinity columns.
Biological Significance: ExpandCollapse
Ribosomal s6 kinase is a member of a family of protein kinases involved in signal transduction. The subfamily S6K has two known homologues: S6K1 and S6K2. First characterized in mammals, S6K1 is controlled by target-of-rapamycin (TOR) kinase, which plays a central regulatory role in growth signaling pathways (Dufner and Thomas 1999). Osmotic stress inhibition of S6K is mediated by the TOR kinase pathway (Mahfouz et al., 2006). The activation of mammalian S6K1 involves phosphorylation at thr389 (Pearson et al., 2005), however its orthologue in Arabidopsis suggests that plant S6K1 thr449 is its functional equivalent (Schepetilnikov et al., 2011). The phytohormone auxin triggers TOR activation, which is followed by S6K1 phosphorylation at thr449, which in turn is critical for translation reinitiation (Schepetilnikov et al., 2013). Rapamycin effectively inactivates S6K1 thr449 phosphorylation in Arabidopsis seedlings, which suppresses TOR PK activity and ultimately plant growth (Xiong Y and Sheen J, 2011).